What are the issues for people living in urban areas in richer part of the world?

What are the issues for people living in urban areas in richer part of the world?

What you need to know:

I can describe issues that face people living in urban areas in richer parts of the world with regards to housing, inner city, traffic, CBD and multicultural societies.

I can provide example of such issues.

Issue 1: Housing

Key Term:

Household – A person living alone, or two or more people living at the same address, sharing a living room.

What is the problem? 

The United Kingdom’s population has increased and it will continue to grow. For example, by 2021 the population of England is is predicted to be 52.5 million. This growth in population has caused the number of households to increase significantly, for example the number of households have increased by 30% since 1971. The main cause of this increase is due to a greater number of people living alone. More people are living alone because:

People are marrying later.

More people are getting divorced.

People are living longer.

People are leaving home to rent or buy houses younger than previously.

Therefore, the increase in demand for houses has put pressure on of the government to build new houses.

Issue 2: The Inner City

What is the problem? 

The Inner City is facing a housing problem, both in relation to the number and adequacy of houses. Since 1945, governments have introduced many strategies to try and solve housing issue. The most common strategy was the building of high-rise blocks of flats during the 1960’s and 1970’s. However, the tower blocks have been criticised for their poor design and construction, as well as social issues.

Case Study: Ronan Point, East London.

In 1968, Ronan Point tower block partly collapsed due to a gas explosions which damaged a one entire corner of the whole building. The disaster killed for people and injured 17 others. This highlighted the poor design and construction of high rise flats and lead to a loss of public confidence in them.

Issue 3: Traffic

What is the problem?

There is now an increased number of cars on the road and this due to:

An increased demand for mobility.

Many households needing to have more than one car.

People having greater disposable income to purchase a car.

This increase in cars has caused traffic congestion, resulting in:

Cars traveling at slower speeds.

Longer trip times for commuters.

Larger queues of traffic.

In addition to traffic congestion, environmental issues are also created by increased numbers of cars. This includes:

Air and noise pollution which impacts peoples health.

A negative impact on building e.g. pollution changes the colour.

An overall reduction in environmental quality of an area.

Issue 4: Multicultural mix

Key Term:

Segregation – This occurs when people of a certain ethnic group choose to live with others from the same ethnic group, separate from other groups in society.

What is the problem?

Although modern cities appear to have racial mix, many immigrants (people who come to live permanently in a foreign country) decide to live with people from the same or similar ethnic groups rather than live with people who have different ethnicity and cultures. They choose to do this for many reasons:

They want  social and economic support from other people.

They want to be amongst a familiar culture.

They want to me near specialist facilities e.g mosque

They feel they have a stronger voice if they are part of a large group.

Issue 5: The central business district (CBD)

What is the problem?

During the 1960’s and 1970’s the CBD struggled to attract business. This was due to:

A growth in out of town shopping area’s, e.g. Metro centre In Gateshead or Kingswood in Hull. They became attractive to shoppers as they offered indoor shopping facilities which were not dependent on the weather and provided many car parking places.They encouraged less people to shop in the CBD’s, resulting is a loss of profit for some companies.

Higher business rates and rents – This put a strain on many small businesses and some had to close down as they could not make a profit,

Traffic Congestion – The increasing number of cars lead to increased congestion. This   was due increasing numbers of traffic and roads in town centers not being planned with high traffic numbers in mind.

Crime and vandalism – some CBD’s experienced an increase in crime and vandalism which encouraged shoppers to go elsewhere.